'Moderne' Blocks Of Flats
The 'Moderne' block of flats arrived in the UK in the 1920s as Britain looked to define a bright new 20th Century after the horrors of the First World War. In this desire, Britain looked to Europe, and the new International Moderne Movement for inspiration. Built by a new wave of young architects, often refugees from war torn Europe, the new blocks brought crisp clean lines, white stucco walls and minimal detailing. Like Moderne houses, the Moderne blocks of flats developed in a range of styles starting with the simple but powerful Moderne. Towards the end of the period, the UK developed some wonderfully evocative Streamline Moderne blocks of flats with curving lines and windows. Architecture never stands still, and the end of the twenties and thirties brought a new purist approach to design that led to Modernism, (with out the 'e')and eventually the Brutalism of the 1960's and 1970s.
'Moderne' Blocks Of Flats
Like 'Moderne' houses , the first International Moderne blocks were as shocking as they were revolutionary when they arrived in the UK. Blocks like Berthold Lubetkin's Highpoint 1 in Highgate, London were unlike anything seen in the UK before. The stark lines, white stuccoed walls, Crittall Windows and flat roofs were produced reflected the new international aesthetic, but to British sensibilities, they were divisive. Blocks like Frederick Gibberd's Pullman Court, in South London and Ravelston Gardens in Edinburgh are now viewed as national treasures and regularly appear in films and TV dramas depicting the period such as ITV's Poirot. At the time, they divided the nation.
Pullman Court, South London, Frederick Gibberd 1933
The 'Moderne' style is still influential, and you can see echoes of it in many new blocks of flats being built today. However, in the 1930s it didn't take long for the mood to change. As with houses, a more restrained version was appearing for those suburbs not ready for revolution.
As with 'Moderne' Houses it became clear that the public was held back by the kind of nostalgia the Daily Mail had described in its review of the Paris show and a new 'restrained' hybrid style of flats emerged. These were necessarily a compromise, a style assembled for people who were still seduced by the clean lines of the Moderne movement but who were slightly put off by the brutal nature of the flat-roofs.
The curved windows and horizontal lines remained but with hipped roofs, bricks and tiles. These blocks drifted back towards the 'mansion blocks' of the late Victorian period.
Predominantly a US phenomenon, Streamline Moderne evolved as a more formulaic architectural style that chose cars, trains and boats as its inspiration. The building style was meant to capture the speed and exhilaration of 1930s travel and its highpoint was skyscrapers like the Chrysler Building in New York. In the UK, the theatricality of Streamline was frowned upon for houses but it did lend itself to blocks of flats like Hartington Court or Florin Court, in Clerkenwell - one of the properties used in episodes of Poirot - as well as hotels like the Midland in Morecambe and factories with US owners such as the Hoover and Firestone Buildings in West London.
Lichfield Court Richmond, Surrey
Modern or Modernist Blocks
Berthold Lubetkin's Highpoint 1 Highgate London
The Isokon Building, Hampstead London by Berthold Lubetkin's Tekton
See Also In Chimni
Chimni Wiki Page Flats In A Low Rise Block
Chimni Wiki Page Is My House 'Art Deco'?
Chimni Wiki Page Homes Used In Poirot Episodes
Other Interesting Web Sites
Pinterest Board - http://www.pinterest.com/benwillmore/streamline-moderne-design/ Pinterest Board: Streamline Moderne]
Pinterest Board - Deco & Modernism - http://www.pinterest.com/MargaretDier/deco-and-modernism/
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